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|A |B |C |D |E |F |G |H |I
|J |K |L |M |N |O |P |Q
|R |S |T |U |V |W |X |Y |Z
(Acronyms are explained in italics)
application specific integrated circuit
alpha particle X-ray spectrometer
The Rovers Spirit and Opportunity of NASA’s Mars Mission are equipped with APXS Systems.
a toroidal LHC apparatus
ATLAS is a particle physics experiment taking place in the Large Hadron Collider at the CERN laboratory. It will explore the fundamental nature of matter and the basic forces that shape our universe.
ESA’s Mercury Planetary Orbiter
ESA recognized the achievements of the late Giuseppe Colombo of the University of Padua by adopting his name for the orbiter.
Brookhaven National Laboratory
The BNL is located on Long Island, USA.
CERN axion solar telescope
Axion research facility located at CERN.
charge coupled device
charge coupled device with pn-junctions as registers (in contrast to MOS CCDs)CERN
Originally CERN stood for ”Conseil Européen pour la
Recherche Nucléaire”. This acronym was retained after its name changed to the current ”Organisation européenne pour la recherche nucléaire”. It is situated on the border between France and Switzerland near Geneva.
center for free electron laser studies
New project jointly established by MPG, DESY and the University of Hamburg.
counts per second
Clean air standard – Class-one air quality
Class-one air quality is maintained in the most sensitive regions of the
MPG HLL cleanroom. This means that one cubic foot of air contains at the most one particle larger than half a micrometer corresponding to one hundredth of the diameter of a human hair.
depleted p-channel field-effect transistor
German electron synchrotron research center located in Hamburg.
energy dispersive spectroscopy
European photon imaging camera
extended Roentgen survey with an imaging telescope array
European space agency located in Paris.
electron microprobe analysis
European extremely large telescope
In operation located at Paranal Observatory in Chile.
European very large telescope
The European-VLT located at Paranal Observatory in Chile, is in the planning stage.
equivalent noise charge
field of view FWHM
full width at half maximum
Hadron electron ring accelerator at DESY in Hamburg.
high energy physics
high time resolution astrophysics
integrated circuit ILC
International Linear Collider
It is located at CERN.
junction gate field-effect transistor
Jet Pulsion Laboratory
The JPL, located in Pasadena, USA, manages NASA's Mars Exploration Rover mission.
It is located at the Keck Observatory on Hawaii, USA.
High Energy Accelerator Research Organization located near Tokio in Japan
Linac Coherent Light Source
The LCLS facility is located in Stanford, USA.
Large Electron-Positron collider located at CERN
Large Hadron Collider at CERN
Laboratori Nazionali di Frascati
linear silicon drift detector
Major Atmospheric Gamma-Ray Imaging Cherenkov Telescope
The telescope is located on La Palma, Canary Islands.
metal- insulator semiconductorstructure
Mercury imaging X-ray spectrometer
A system on-board ESA's BepiColombo.
metal-oxide semiconductor structure
metal-oxide semiconductor structure field-effect transistor
macro pixel detector
Max-Planck-Institut für extraterrestrische Physik
Mercury planetary orbiter
Max-Planck-Institut für Physik
(former Werner-Heisenberg Institut)
micro X-ray fluorescence analysis
narrow field imager
positron emission tomography
particle induced X-ray emission
Paul Scherrer Institut
A research center for natural sciences and technology located in Villingen in Switzerland.
RMS or rms
root mean square
X-Ray test facility at the MPG HLL
silicon drift detector
scanning electron microscope
A formation flying mission for hard X-ray astrophysics jointly supported by two space agencies, the French Centre National d'Études Spatiales (CNES) and the Italian Agenzia Spaziale Italia (ASI), with a launch around 2015.
Super Large Hadron Collider
The SLHC is proposed to upgarde the LHC at CERN. It will be operational around 2015.
total reflection X-ray fluorescence analysis
wavelength dispersive X-ray fluorescence analysis
wide field imager
X-ray evolving universe spectroscopy
The XEUS mission of a permanent space-borne X-ray observatory to be launched around 2020 as a follow-on to ESA's cornerstone X-ray spectroscopy mission XMM-Newton.
ESA's orbiting X-ray observatory operational since December 1999. XMM-Newton is named in honor of Sir Isaac Newton.
X-ray fluorescence analysis
XEUS timing for relativistic astronomy
As part of the XEUS payload, the dedicated XTRA instrument is currently being prototyped to perform timing studies.
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